Derived from the words “Citizen” and “Network” describing an individual actively involved in online communities or the Internet in general.

Arabic Translation:
مستخدمو الإنترنت


A network consists of versatile devices that interface with one another. It can be two computers or billions of devices. While the traditional network comprised of desktop computers, modern day networks include laptops, tablets, smartphones, gaming consoles, TV, smart systems, and other microelectronics.

Arabic Translation:
شبكة اتصال

Norm-Referenced Measurement

Process of ranking the performance of a person against a sample of other people who have completed the same task which are usually expressed in terms of a rank, score or grade.

Arabic Translation:
قياس مرجعي